Health education is teaching people about health and its general knowledge, including developing life skills, which can be applied to an individual’s health or the health of a community. Areas that are covered in health education are environmental health, physical health, social health, emotional health, intellectual health, and spiritual health.
It is important to be educated about health, as health equates to prolonging life, and so, by taking the responsibility of learning the whole aspect on how to have good health, we become more motivated to do something constructive to improve our living conditions.
Health education is not just teaching about the basic health knowledge, but is helps people understand what everyday habits of people with unhealthy lifestyles in developing countries can do to their health, and, thus, health education is also about teaching people on prevention of ill-health.
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Because of the value of health education, schools have integrated health education in their curriculum for students to learn about positive attitudes on health, how to improve and maintain health, prevent disease and learn to make healthy choices, and learn skills to reduce risky behaviors, such as depression, stress, eating disorders, drug abuse, etc.
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For schools to succeed in advocating health education to the students, they should provide support to their health educators, in terms of further training and the development of basic skills, to adequately teach and train their students on everything that is related to health, including medical updates on health information and health trends.
To ensure that health education does not only focus on teaching the content knowledge on health, but more on teaching skills, schools have promoted the following strategies on this concern, and they are: have one or more person to oversee or coordinate on health education; involve parents and families on health education by providing health information through education materials and involving them in school-sponsored activities; review and evaluate the health education curriculum once every two years; provide opportunities for health educators to coordinate instruction with teachers of other subjects and integrate Health into their subject content areas, such as Science, Physical Education, etc.
There are tools which school administrators be kept updated on health education curricula, and these are: Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HCAT), which help schools conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula based on the National health Education Standards and Center for Disease Control’s Characteristics of Effective Health Education Curricula; and Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools, which is a guide for administrators and policymakers from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Center for Disease Control (CDC), and other public health organizations.